We are talking about obesity, an authentic epidemic according to the World Health Organization and one of the health indicators that most concern Europe. The continent celebrates today the European Day of Obesity to raise awareness in a population in which 16% of adults are obese Obesity accounts for 8% of health spending in the European Union, according to the data included in the Report on Public Health prepared by the EU in 2016. The numbers also show an important difference by age. In the age range of 65 to 75 years, the percentage increases to 22% of what is deduced that the older the greater proportion of people with a body mass index higher than 30. The difference is also significant in the different levels of education . Thus, among those with few or no studies, the percentage reaches 20%, goes down to 16% in the middle levels and decreases to 11.5% among the population with higher education.
More and more French people are obese. A report published last year by Inserm, the National Institute of Health and Medical Research, found that 16 percent of the adult population was obese, in contrast to 12 percent eight years ago. International standards define being obese as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher and a BMI of 25 to 29 is defined as overweight. Activists seeking to raise public awareness about the problems faced by the obese and demanding that the French Ministry of Health disseminate more information about treatment options are just beginning to be heard. Women are the ones who face the most demands: they must be beautiful, but not too much; they should be thin, but not too thin; they should be smart, but not too much, because they should not overshadow men.
France is one of the few countries that prohibit employment discrimination based on physical appearance, thanks to a 2001 law, but it seems more common to ignore the measure instead of following it. This has become a problem at the level of health and social, as a society even in modern times we tend to criticize or isolate people with overweight problems. The opinion that the French have about obesity is the upward index of extreme treatments such as bariatric surgery, in which part of the stomach or intestine is cut or diverted. The number of this type of operations has doubled in France in the last six years, reaching the annual figure of 50,000, however, for many, the desire to be slender is greater than the health risks or discomfort.
Parents do not have time to go shopping in the market and spend time in the kitchen preparing healthy food, and increasingly frozen and processed food is used, and snacks are abused. 42% of French people are above what is considered overweight, according to the French National Health Institute. The rate among children and adolescents has quadrupled in the last 25 years and is growing almost as fast as in the United States. Obesity levels have increased in most countries over the past five years, with the economic crisis probably contributing the most, according to a survey by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which highlights the growth of the epidemic in countries such as Australia, Canada, France, Mexico, Spain and Switzerland. The economic crisis may have contributed to a greater growth of obesity, which is why most governments need to do more to stop this rising tide. The reason why socioeconomic factors have such a powerful influence on women’s weight is not completely understood, but it is known that measures against obesity increase with increasing social status.
The difficulty in breathing can seriously interfere with sleep, causing the momentary stop of breathing (sleep apnea), which causes drowsiness during the day and other complications. Obesity can cause several orthopedic problems, including pain in the lower back (low back pain) and worsening of osteoarthritis, especially in the hips, knees and ankles. Skin disorders are also frequent. Since obese people have a low body surface area in relation to their weight, they cannot remove body heat efficiently, so they sweat more than thin people.
Morbid obesity: Morbid obesity is one of the most characteristic diseases of our time, especially due to the number of complications associated with it.
Childhood Obesity: fundamentally, with the age of onset of obesity and with the time of evolution. When obesity occurs at a very early age or lasts for a long time, the risk of developing cardiovascular problems in adulthood is also higher. It is very common to see both types of obesity in France, many French cities have very high percentages of childhood obesity, this causes that people who suffer from it are more prone to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. They suffer chronic tiredness and are more prone to any type of illness than a person with an average weight.
French doctors consider that an obese person should be considered as a chronic patient who requires long-term treatment, with dietary norms, modification of behavioral habits, physical exercise and pharmacological therapy. The obese should not lose kilos but fat mass, with small and lasting losses that imply a metabolic profitability. It is necessary to consolidate the long-term weight loss, and also reduce the risk of premature death, heart disease, metabolic and vascular, in certain cases, doctors may decide that, in addition to changing diet and exercising, it is necessary to complete the treatment with drugs, which should be administered with a moderately hypocaloric and balanced diet.
Obesity can be classified as mild (20 to 40 percent overweight), moderate (41 to 100 percent overweight) or severe (more than one hundred percent overweight). Obesity is serious in only 0.5 percent of obese people. Some researchers suggest that, on average, genetic influence contributes about 33 percent to body weight, but this influence may be greater or less depending on the person. It would not be a bad thing if the issue of obesity acquired some priority also among all. It is easy to do nothing and not buy problems. But obesity is harmful for everyone and it is necessary, at least, to spread it.